Information on diseases is sourced from Health Link BC and BC CDC

Infections and Vaccinations

Hepatitis A- is a disease caused by infection of the liver with the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is found in the bowel movements of an infected person and is spread to others through contaminated food and water. This virus is vaccine preventable.


Hepatitis B-is a disease caused by infection of the liver with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B is found in the blood and body fluid of an infected person and is spread by unprotected sexual intercourse, needle sharing, or rarely by infected blood products. This virus is vaccine preventable.


Traveller's Diarrhea and Cholera-are caused by 2 types of bacteria. People get these from contaminated food and water. These infections are vaccine preventable. Vaccine is only available in an oral form.


Japanese Encephalitis-is a serious and life threatening infection caused by a virus. This virus is spread by infected evening and night time mosquitoes.  This virus is vaccine preventable.

Typhoid Fever-is a serious and life-threatening infection caused by the typhoid bacteria. Typhoid is found in the bowel movements of an infected person and is spread to others through contaminated food and water. This infection is vaccine preventable. Vaccines are available in injectable or oral form.

Yellow Fever-is a serious and life threatening infection caused by a virus. This virus is spread by infected daytime mosquitoes. This virus can is vaccine preventable. In some countries the Yellow Fever vaccination may be required for entry.


Malaria-is a serious and life threatening disease caused by parasites in the bloodstream. This disease is spread through evening and night time mosquitoes. This disease can be prevented with anti-malaria medications.


Rabies-is an infection of the brain caused by a virus that is spread through the bite or scratch of an infected animal. This virus is vaccine preventable.


Meningococcal Infection-is a serious and life threatening infection cause by the meningococcal bacteria. This infection is spread from one person to another through coughing, sneezing or close face to face contact. It can also be spread through saliva or spit when people share things like food and drink. This infection is vaccine preventable.


Polio-is a disease caused by infection with a virus. Polio is found in the bowel movements of an infected person and is spread to others through contaminated food and water. 


Shingles-is a disease caused by the varicella zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. In some people who have had chickenpox, the virus can become active again later in life and cause shingles.Shingles is most common in people over the age of 50.